The impacts of climate change are already happening in many parts of the world. Floods in Europe and wildfires in western American states could be a preview of what we can expect from future climate shifts. The world’s leading climate scientists and experts are expected to release a landmark report before COP26, which will take place in Glasgow beginning November 1st, 2021.
The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations environment and climate organization will conduct the landmark report. Once published, the report is expected to be the most comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of the science of global warming since the IPCC’s 2013 report. This latest report will outline large-scale climate action solutions to reduce emissions to limit global warming to about 2 degrees Celsius compared to that of preindustrial levels. The energy and agriculture sectors have to be the first to institute major changes, particularly in developed countries, such as the United States, China, and India.
Research conducted by the IPCC confirms that if we can limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (compared to that of preindustrial levels), some of the worst effects of climate change can still be avoided, including tipping points. Tipping points are the estimated climatological thresholds that have far-reaching, and in some cases, irreversible results once exceeded.